100 Titanic Facts and Information

Want to learn even more information about the Titanic? This 100 Titanic Facts page is full of information which even die-hard titanic fans may not be aware of! Ideal to expand your knowledge about the RMS Titanic and to learn somethings you may not be aware of!



  • RMS Titanic was a British passenger ship which sank in the Atlantic Ocean after hitting an iceberg on her maiden voyage.
  • Titanic was owned by White Star Line a british shipping company founded in 1845 in Liverpool
  • She was built by Harland and Wolf in Belfast Northern Ireland
  • It took around 15,000 men to build the ship.
  • A lot of the work was dangerous and was carried out without modern safety standards like hard hats and gloves
  • During the construction there was 246 injuries 28 of them were regarded as servere.
  • Eight people died while constructing the ship.
  • Designed by Thomas Andrews an Irish Businessman and shipbuilder. He died on the Titanic
  • The ship was laid down on 31st March 1909
  • Her Yard number was 401
  • She was launched on 31st May 1911 and completed on 2nd April 1912
  • She was launched in the presence of JP Morgan and Bruce Ismay. With around 100,000 people watching
  • The cost to build the Titanic was $7.5 Million
  • The route she was meant to take was from Southampton in England to New York City
  • Titanic was planned to arrive at New York Pier 54 on the morning of 17 April
  • The port of registry for the ship was Liverpool
  • Titanic was the second of three Olympic class ocean liners operated by White Star Line
  • The construction of the olympic and titanic took place virtually in parallel.
  • Both ships took around 26 months to build and followed much of the same construction process
  • They were designed as an enormous floating box with the keel acting as a backbone.
  • On both ships there was 2,000 hull plates which were single pieces of rolled steel plate. At around 6 feet wide and 30 feet long.
  • The thickness of these plates varied from 1 inch to 1.5
  • The hull of the ship was held together with over three million iron and steel rivets.
  • In the 1990s the steel plate used for the ship was subject to being brittle when cold it was said that this brittleness exacerbated the impact and the sinking.
  • At the time the ships steel plate quality was good it was not faulty however it was inferior compared to shipbuilding we do today.
  • Titanic had two side anchors and one centre anchor.
  • Although the titanic was virtually identical to her sister the olympic a few changes were made
  • The most noticable change was that the titanic had a steel screen with sliding windows installed along the forward half of the A deck promenade.
  • This was a personal reqeust of Bruce ismay and made the titanic slightly heavier than the olympic.
  • Titanic had sea trials which began at 6am on tuesday 2nd april 1912 just two days after she was finished.
  • The ship covered a distance of about 80 nautical miles averaging 18 knots.
  • She returned to belfast at about 7pm. The surveyor signed an agreement and account of voyages and crew. This was valid for 12 months which declared the ship seaworthy.
  • An hour later titanic left belfast to head for Southampton.
  • On her maiden voyage she was under the command of Edward Smith who sadly went down with the ship
  • The Titanic had advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remote activated watertight doors
  • Unfortunately she did not have enough lifeboats to accommodate all of the passengers on board even though she actually had more lifeboats than was recommended. The titanic had 20 lifeboats in total
  • Her radio call sign was M G Y
  • The length of the ship was 882 feet and 9 inches
  • The depth was 64 feet and 6 inches
  • She had 9 decks from A to G
  • Her cruising speed was around 24 miles per hour her maximum speed was about 28 miles per hour
  • The ship was powered by 24 double ended and five single ended boilers.
  • The propulsion was two three bladed wing propellers and one four bladed centre propeller
  • She had the capacity for 2,435 passengers and a crew of 892. This was a total of 3,327
  • After leaving Southampton on 10th april 1912 Titanic called at cherbourg in France and Queenstown in Ireland. She then sailed west to New York
  • Four days into the crossing and about 375 miles from Newfoundland she hit an iceberg at 11:40pm.
  • The collision caused the ships hull plates to buckle inwards along her starboard side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments.
  • At 2:20am the titanic broke apart and sank to the bottom of the ocean with over one thousand people still on board.
  • Around two hours after the titanic sank the RMS Carpathia arrived at the scene where she brought aboard around 705 survivors.
  • Carpathia took three days to reach New York after leaving the scene of the disaster. Her journey was slowed by pack ice fog thunderstorms and rough seas.
  • Southampton suffered the greatest losses from the sinking. Four out of every five crew members came from this town.
  • After the disaster recommendations were made by both the British and American Boards of Inquiry stating that ships should carry enough lifeboats for all aboard mandated lifeboat drills would be implemented and lifeboat inspections would be conducted
  • Also the Radio Act of 1912 required ships to maintain contact with vessels in their vicinity as well as coastal onshore radio stations.
  • In addition it was agreed in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea that the firing of red rockets from a ship must be interpreted as a sign of need for help.
  • The wreck of the titanic was first discovered over 70 years after the sinking
  • The ship remains on the seabed spilt into two sections at a depth of around 12,000 feet.
  • Her discovery was made in 1985 and thousands of artefacts have been recovered.
  • Titanic's radio equpiment was leased to White Star Line by the Marconi Communication company.
  • Her two wireless operators were called Jack Phillips and Harold Bride.
  • The service maintained a 24-hour Schedule it primary sent and received passenger telegrams.
  • The radio room was located on the boat deck in the officers quarters
  • A sound proofed silent room next to the operating room housed all of the loud equipment including the generator and the transmitter.
  • The transmitter was one of the most powerful in the world at that time. It was guaranteed to broadcast over a radius of 350 miles.
  • An elevated antenna spanned the length of the ship and was used for transmitting and receiving messages.
  • After the sinking the United States government passed the Radio Act of 1912. This act along with the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea stated that radio communications on passenger ships would be operated 24 hours a day along with a secondary power supply so as not to miss distress calls.
  • The ship could accommodate 833 first class passengers
  • It had 614 in second class and 1,006 in third class
  • Her interior design was similar to contemporary high class hotels of the time.
  • Passengers could use an on-board telephone system a library and a large barber shop.
  • The first class section also had a squash court a gym a swimming pool an electric bath and a turkish bath.
  • First class rooms had wooden panelling and expensive furniture.
  • Third class rooms had general pine panelling.
  • Titanic divided third class into two sections at opposite ends of the ship
  • Single men were often quartered in the forward areas of the ship
  • Married couples families and single women were quartered at the end of the vessel
  • Third class cabins were small acommodating two four six eight or even 10 passengers at a time
  • Third class accommodation also included their own dining rooms and deck space.
  • One of titanic's most distinctive features was the First Class staircase also known as the Grand Staircase.
  • This descended through seven decks of the ship. From the boat deck to E deck.
  • It was capped with a dome of wrought iron and glass that admitted natural light
  • The grand staircase was destroyed in titanic's sinking.
  • Although the titanic was mainly a passenger ship it also carried large amounts of cargo.
  • Her designation was RMS Titanic the R M S stands for Royal Mail Ship
  • She carried mail under contract with the Royal Mail and the US post office.
  • The titanic had five postal clerks three americans and two british who sorted through 60,000 items a day.
  • Despite myths there was no gold or exotic materials or diamonds on the ship
  • Titanic was also equipped with eight electric cranes four electric winches and three steam winches these were used to lift cargo and baggage in and out of the hold.
  • It's estimated that the ship used around 415 tons of coal whilst in Southampton this was simply to generate enough steam to operate the cargo winches.
  • On board was the American millionaire John Jacob Astor and his wife Madeleine Force Astor
  • Also in first class was industrialist Benjamin Guggenheim Macy's owner Isidor Straus and his wife Ida
  • JP Morgan was scheduled to travel on the maiden voyage but cancelled at the last minute
  • Also aboard the ship were the White Star Line's managing director Bruce Ismay and Titanic's designer Thomas Andrews who was on board to observe any problems and assess the general performance of the new ship.
  • Third Class fares from London Southampton or Queenstown cost the equivalent to £650 today while the cheapest First Class fares cost £23 that's around £2,000 today
  • The most expensive First Class suites were to have cost up to £870 in high season that's around £77,000 today
  • Only 3% of first-class women were lost 54% of those in third class died.
  • Five of six first-class and all second-class children survived but 52 of the 79 in third class perished.
  • Men from First Class died at a higher rate than women from the Third Class
  • The last living survivor Millvina Dean from England who at only nine weeks old was the youngest passenger on board died aged 97 on 31 May 2009
  • A special survivor was crew member Violet Jessop who survived the sinkings of both Titanic and Britannic and was aboard Olympic when she was rammed in 1911.
  • It has been estimated that within the next 50 years the hull and structure of Titanic will eventually collapse entirely